Fissure Sealants – What are they?

Preventative Dentistry – Sealants

Dentist examining girls teeth in the dentists chair with assistant

Brushing and flossing are the most common method of preventing tooth decay. Sometimes the anatomy of the teeth can differ, especially in our molars (chewing teeth at the back). Our teeth can naturally have deep grooves, uneven surfaces and is a common spot where food and plaque is retained. Keeping these areas clean can be quite a challenge as the bristles on your tooth brush may not be able to access the entire groove and allow the cavity causing bacteria to form decay.
First permanent Molars usually breakthrough around the age of 6, with your second permanent molars appearing around the age of 12. Sealing these teeth when they have fully erupted can help save time and prevent costly dental treatment in the future.
There is a quick and painless procedure to reduce the risk of these permanent molars getting decay. Fissure sealants are a thin protective white coloured resin that is adhered to the tooth surface. It is a non-invasive procedure which involves cleaning the chewing surface of the tooth, applying bond and a tooth-coloured material on top. These sealants can last for several years before they need to be reapplied
Fissure sealants are no substitute for brushing and flossing, with having an 80 percent chance of lowering the risk of decay forming.
If you’d like to know more give us a call on (02) 4324 1181 and we can book you in for a checkup!

How to look after your kids teeth

How to look after your kids teeth

Child Dental Care Tips

Knowing what to do to care for your kids teeth can be difficult. So here is the low down!

From 3 months:
Gently wipe their gums with a soft wet towel twice a day to clean off debris. This will also get them used to a routine and being in the mouth when you start using a toothbrush when their first tooth comes through.

From 6 months:
Generally, their first tooth will start to erupt from about 6 months of age. You can start using a damp children’s toothbrush twice daily to gently clean around the teeth as they come through. No toothpaste is needed at this stage as the spitting reflex is developed from around the age of 18 months old. Until then, toothpaste is not recommended.
It is okay to let your child have a go cleaning their own teeth, but make sure you are getting in there after them and give them a brush. Until the age of 7-8 years old, a child’s motor skills are not developed enough to get around each tooth effectively and remove plaque.
Once adjacent teeth start coming through, getting a Flossette (see below) between them once a day will help clean where a toothbrush can’t. This is especially important in back teeth as they can trap food and decay quite easily compared to adult teeth. Flossettes will make it easier for you to access the teeth compared to string floss.

From 2 years old:
Brush using a kids toothbrush and a small amount of age-appropriate fluoridated toothpaste twice daily. Encourage spitting out the excess toothpaste after brushing. Continue with the flossing daily to prevent decay.
Cleaning a child’s teeth can definitely be challenging. Forming good habits with children from a young age is important. Once a routine is formed, they are generally more compliant and less resistant to the process.

Clenching and grinding

If you ever wake up in the morning with a sore jaw or headache, you may be clenching and grinding. Grinding is an involuntary movement of the teeth against each other; whereas, clenching is clamping the teeth tightly shut. When the mouth is resting, the top and bottom teeth should not be in contact. Clenching and grinding can commonly occur if you’re busier or more stressed than usual. More commonly people clench and grind at night and can be completely unaware they are doing it.

Clenching and Grinding Teeth Problem

Signs of Clenching and Grinding:

  • Waking up with a headache around the temples and/or a sore jaw in the morning
  • Sore teeth along one or both sides of the mouth (these can be sensitive to hot and cold too)
  • Your teeth are looking flatter/wider than usual and/or chipping along the edges
  • Your tongue has a scalloped outline
  • Your face shape has gotten wider/more muscular around the jaw

What can I do if I’m Clenching And/Or Grinding My Teeth?

  • Be mindful of when you might be clenching and grinding and remind yourself to relax your jaw
  • Place the tip of your tongue at the top of mouth – You are unable to clench and grind when you do this
  • Try and reduce stress
  • Call us to make an appointment to discuss a splint with the dentist

What not to do when clenching/grinding your teeth

  • Wear a mouthguard to prevent clenching and grinding – the elasticity of the mouthguard material will activate your muscles even more and make your clenching and grinding habit worse
  • Not consult your dentist. Wearing the teeth down over time can expose the underlying tooth structure and nerves in the teeth. After this happens, it is a very costly and time-consuming process to restore all of the teeth. Prevention is key!

What is a Splint?

A splint is a custom acrylic removable guard that sits on the teeth at night. It works by protecting the teeth from wearing down, reduces the amount of force the jaw muscles can make, and opens up the jaw joint to prevent trauma to the joint capsule. Our team has many tips and tricks to help you get used to wearing your splint at night.

If you think you are clenching and grinding, please don’t hesitate to contact us on 02 4324 1181.

Splint Acrylic Removable Mouthguard

Tooth Brush Tales – Which is the Best?

The bright and flashy multitudes of packaging of the dental section in supermarkets and chemists can make for an overwhelming decision on your next toothbrush – Which one is the best for you?

Ultra-Soft, Soft, Medium or Hard?
Although you might feel like a medium or hard toothbrush is doing more in the way of removing plaque and bacteria, it can actually be harmful for your teeth and gums. Harder bristles have the ability to brush away tooth structure and contribute to gum recession – this is where a softer part of the tooth can become exposed and is more prone to decay. Ultra-soft and soft toothbrushes are the way to go, they can take a little to get used to if you’re used to a harder toothbrush; but these bristles are a lot softer and less likely to cause trauma to the teeth and gums. Make sure you are brushing in a soft circular motion around the gum lines instead of scrubbing too.

    What we love:

Colgate Slim Soft – around $3 each from Coles, Woolworths and Chemist Warehouse.

Which brand is best?
Ultimately, as long as you are using an ultra-soft or soft toothbrush, whichever brand that has a smaller toothbrush head and suits your financial situation is best. The packaging doesn’t have to be the biggest or brightest on the shelf. A smaller tooth brush head will allow the brush to fit right to the back of the mouth in those hard-to-reach areas and aid better plaque removal.

Electric or Manual Toothbrush?
The great debate! Whilst some people are more suited to using an electric toothbrush, any toothbrush that you like to use is the best one for you. Electric and manual toothbrushes use different brushing techniques, so as long as they are used correctly, either is a great choice.
If you are unsure which toothbrush is right for you, you can call us on 02 4324 1181 to make an appointment and discuss it with one of our friendly dentists or oral health therapists!

Choose the Right Toothbrush for Your Needs

Why You Need Your Local Gosford Dentist

Gum disease is one of the most common reasons people need to see a dentist but it’s also one the most common reasons people put off seeing a dentist.

Moderate gum disease affects 22.9 per cent of the Australian population and while gum disease is strongly linked to age, with older generations having a much higher prevalence than younger people it can be controlled with good oral hygene and having regular checks with your dentist.

So, what exactly is gum disease?

Gum disease occurs when the tissue that surrounds and supports your teeth becomes infected. A build-up of plaque and tartar on your teeth that irritate your gum tissue cause it, resulting in inflammation and eventually recession of the gums away from your teeth. There are a few signs that you may have early gum disease including:

    • Gums that are swollen, red, or tender
    • Gums that bleed when you brush or floss
    • Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth
    • Receding gums, or longer-looking teeth
    • A change in the way your bite fits together
    • Loose teeth

Types of gum disease

There are two main types of gum disease: Gingivitis and Periodontitis.

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. It occurs when the gums become red and swollen. The gums may also bleed easily when they are brushed. Bad breath is another sign of gum disease.

If gingivitis is not treated, it may cause a more severe form of gum disease called periodontitis. Periodontitis may cause the area of the gum closest to the tooth to become weak. Spaces may form between the tooth and the gum, and these may trap germs, leading to even more swelling. Over time, the bone supporting the teeth can be lost, causing the teeth to become loose and possibly fall out.

What causes gum disease?

Gum disease is caused by plaque, which is a sticky layer of germs that builds up on teeth. Plaque irritates the gums, causing them to bleed easily. If the plaque is not brushed off, it can become hard and further irritate the gums. Hardened plaque is called calculus or tartar. It can only be removed by a dental health professional.

How do you prevent gum disease?

There are a few things you can do to help prevent gum disease:

  • The obvious one is to brush your teeth and gums twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste. If you’re not already doing this, it’s time to start – now!
  • Quit smoking. Overall, smoking is probably the single most significant, modifiable risk factor for periodontal diseases. If you need help on how to quit smoking check out some useful tips from the Australian Department of Health.
  • You should also visit your dentist regularly for a check-up and cleaning. At Albany Dental we pride ourselves on focusing on preventative care with regular check-ups to prevent mild gum disease like gingivitis turning into severe periodontitis.

If you have any questions about gum disease, we are more than happy to answer any of your concerns.

Book an appointment today and we can start on your preventative plan.

 

Overcoming Dentophobia – A Fear Of The Dentist

An enormous number of adults all over Australia are terrified of the dentist. If you are struggling with Dentophobia, Albany Dental want to show you some ways to overcome your fears.

 

Why are some people afraid of the dentist?

There are a few reasons why people might be afraid of the dentist, even some of the friendly team at Albany Dental have some dental fears!

● Firstly, they may have had a bad experience as a child, which has left them reluctant to go again. Pain, bad manners or nagging can all lead children to hate the dentist.

● Secondly, they may have been taught to fear the dentist by the way their parents acted. Children can often be subconsciously influenced by parental fears.

● Thirdly, you do your best, but your teeth seem prone to enamel loss and chipping. This is not rare, and your dentist may be able to find ways to help you that don’t involve fillings or extractions.

 

Meet your dentist

If you want to start breaking your phobia, then you can meet with the local Albany Dental team. Getting comfortable with the space and learning to trust your dentist can really help to ease your fears.

 

Accept your fears

We understand you might be afraid, so we can help you by encouraging you to communicate. If you ever start feeling afraid, or you experience pain or anxiety during treatment by the hygienist or the dentist, simply let us know, and we can stop whenever you like.

 

Help us decide your treatment

One thing which can really ease your dental phobia is having more control. This means that you can talk to us about your treatment, including the instruments that will be used and alternatives. If you don’t like needles, then you may want to talk to your dentist about alternatives that will make this more pleasant for you.

 

Find a dentist that is sympathetic

If you have had a bad experience with a former dentist, it can be hard to put your trust in others. However the Albany Dental team is experienced and we are a well-established Gosford dental clinic that is willing to help you overcome these fears.

Learn how you can do it today by sending us a message or talk to us on (02) 4324 1181 now.

Whitening, what’s the difference?

Best Teeth Whitening Solution at Albany Dental
Shade match

We love a bright smile and there are so many different ‘whitening’ solutions out there at the moment that it can all get a little confusing.

First let’s cover the two different types of staining:

Extrinsic staining is caused by outside sources for stain being adhered to the tooth and changing the surface colour and texture, common causes for this type of stain may include tea, coffee, red wine or high pigment foods. Extrinsic staining may be removed with a scale and prophylaxis treatment by your dental practitioner.

Intrinsic staining has an internal origin and changes the underlying colour or dentine of the tooth. This can not only be removed with a simple scale and prophylaxis treatment and requires a whitening agent to change the underlying colour of the tooth.

What’s out there?

  • Whitening system prescribed by a dentist
  • In chair whitening not prescribed by a dentist
  • Toothpastes
  • Charcoal
  • Whitening strips
  • Gel trays (such as HiSmile)

There are many tooth whitening systems on the market however not all of them are able to achieve the same results. It is always a good idea to check a product has a whitening agent and is not only going to act upon the extrinsic staining on a tooth surface.

Teeth Whitening Tips from Dentist at Gosford

Why do we recommend a dentist prescribed tooth whitening solution?

Tooth whitening can be very variable and it is important for patients to know what results they can expect before committing to a procedure that could permanently alter the appearance and sensitivity of their teeth. In general we recommend having a check-up before whitening (or recently) to discuss:

  • What to expect for each person’s case.
    • Not everyone will get the same result. Due to the many factors that contribute to the effectiveness of tooth whitening it is important to remember that not everyone’s experience would be the same.
  • Are fillings or restorations present?
    • The presence of crowns, veneers, bridges or restorations (fillings) in the front (anterior) teeth is an important consideration in the tooth whitening process as the colour of these restorations will be unchanged by tooth whitening.
  • Is there any recession?
    • When the roots of teeth become exposed due to recession the structure of the tooth is behaves differently to the tooth covered in enamel. The process of tooth whitening is designed for teeth covered by enamel and therefore may have only a minimal effect on areas of recession creating a higher shade contrast between the crown of the tooth and these area where recession is present.
  • How much sensitivity can you expect?
    • Cases where patients already experience a higher degree of sensitivity may be treated in a different way, such as use of desensitising toothpaste before treatment, lower doses or different types of the whitening agent; treatment being more spread out. In some cases, people with high levels of pre-existing sensitivity maybe be advised against whitening.
  • Discolouration due to the formation of the tooth such as fluorosal spots, intrinsic staining or hypomineralisation.
    • Whitening in cases such as these can have highly variable results, with some teeth appearing mottled, due to the difference in the formation of the enamel.
  • Discolouration due to knocks, root treated or non-vital teeth.
    • These teeth are resistant to whitening as it is not the enamel that is discoloured but the layers beneath appearing darker.
  • Is there a need for a clean before commencing whitening?
    • Teeth with moderate to high levels of extrinsic staining or calculus can produce variable results due to the solution acting on the stain and calculus.
  • The effects of whitening treatments on pregnancy has not been observed and is therefore not advised.

What options do we offer?

Due to sensitivity and reliability of results we offer a personal (with an individually fitted tray) whitening system with the highest amount of active ingredient that can be prescribed in a take home kit. For patient preference we offer either hydrogen peroxide (for shorter day wear) or carbamide peroxide (for night wear).

The impressions needed are quick and painless and we can have your kit made for you within a few days. Full instructions are given and how ‘white’ you go is completely controlled by you. To make a booking, call the practice on (02) 4324 1181.

Quitting smoking? What help is available to me?

Quitting smoking? What help is available to me?

Dental Checkup after Quitting Smoking
Dentist office illustration.

The decision to quit smoking is life changing and not without its’ trials and temptations but a successful attempt is very rewarding mentally, physically and financially.
How do you know if you are ready to quit smoking?
• You have made the decision to quit
• You have sought out support and any information you may need
• You have started or made a plan
• You have decided on a date
You are not alone. Quitting smoking can seem overwhelming and may take several attempts but there is help available.

Quitline
Quit kits are available by contacting 13 7848 (13 QUIT) or visiting iCanQuit.com.au.
These kits help you to create a quit plan, give you access to professional support 7 days a week and advice. Professional advice can increase you chance of quitting significantly as compared with those that seek no advice. NSW quitline reports that “Multiple calls with the NSW Quitline: 25-50% increase (quitting)” (iCanQuit, 2019).
Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT)
NRT releases smaller and slowly absorbed levels of nicotine into the body as compared with smoking. The purpose of NRT is to minimise the severity of withdrawal symptoms and to reduce the intensity of cravings.
NRT products available include:
• Nicotine patches
• Nicotine gum
• Nicotine lozenges
• Nicotine mouth spray
• Nicotine inhaler
• Combination therapy
• Cut down to quit

Consulting your doctor
Attempts at quitting can be made more successful when using prescription medication. Professional medical intervention can make you up to four times more likely to succeed in quitting. Remembering that “Smoking is not just a ‘bad habit’. It’s an addiction – a chronic condition” (Pfizer Australia Pty Limited, 2018). Seeing a doctor can help to manage the physical repercussions of quitting.
A range of applications and support programs are also available to help keep you motivated.
If you are unsuccessful in quitting permanently take the time you managed to quit as a win. Remember that you just have to choose another date and try again.

Choosing the right toothbrush

Choosing the Right Toothbrush between Manual and Electrical

There are many different options of toothbrushes currently on the market. The most important things to look at before purchasing is: toothbrush head size and bristle softness.
Always look for a toothbrush with a smaller head – this will enable you to get to the back teeth and the hard to reach places a bit easier. Soft or ultra-soft bristles are also advisable, anything harder than this could potentially cause damage to the enamel tooth structure particularly if used with the incorrect technique.
A powered/electric toothbrush is a good alternative to a manual toothbrush. It can do a better job of cleaning the teeth, especially for those who have difficulty brushing or who have limited manual dexterity.

Charcoal, friend or foe?

Charcoal a Dental Care Ingredient

A recent trend in oral health has been that of using charcoal to accompany or even replace toothpastes however there are some risks associated with it’s use.
Charcoal is very abrasive and as a result can affect the surface of the teeth by beginning to wear away the shiny and protective outer layer (enamel) of the tooth. This damage can lead to abrasion wear facets, a matte/scuffed looking enamel and sensitivity. As well as wearing away the enamel of the tooth abrasion can also wear away the gums and cause recession, making the tooth appear longer and possibly exposing the neck of the tooth which is generally darker in colour than the enamel and more open to sensitivity.
In some cases charcoal may have a negative effect in the mouth including discolouration of non-natural material such as filling material. Some people, especially those that experience minor abrasions and ulcers may find that their soft tissue is also affected by charcoal as it may cause some irritation to these areas.
Studies are being currently being conducted and early results are showing that on a microscopic level the abrasives in charcoal products are doing significantly more damage to the surface enamel of the teeth than a standard toothpaste. There have been no proven studies to show whether clinically the charcoal in these products are effective in tooth whitening, oral hygiene and prevention.