The signs and symptoms associated with gum disease will vary from person to person but may include:
– Tender gums
– Red or purple appearance of the gums around the teeth
– Bleeding when brushing or flossing
– Bad breath (halitosis)
– Swollen or spongey looking gums
– Suppuration (pus)
The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis and at this stage considered reversible. The gums may show some of the symptoms including bleeding and inflammation however with a thorough cleaning and a good home oral care regime it may be rectified with no long-term repercussions.
If left unchecked or continued poor oral hygiene gingivitis may progress to periodontitis at this stage not only the visible gums (gingiva) are affected, but also the underlying structures and bone (periodontium) that hold the teeth in place. The destruction of these structures is irreversible and may lead to tooth mobility and even tooth loss.